All you need to know about the 2024 elections in Belgium

Here you will find everything you need to know about the 2024 elections in Belgium on June 9 and October 13.

We count on your support, because your voice makes the difference. Only together can we stop the extreme right movement!

Sunday, June 9, 2024:

  • European elections: we elect MPs to the European Parliament
  • Federal elections: we elect MPs to the Chamber of Representatives and Senate.
  • Regional elections: we elect MPs for the Flemish Parliament, Walloon Parliament, Brussels Capital Parliament and Parliament for the German-speaking Community (depending on where you live)

Sunday, October 13, 2024:

  • Municipal elections: we elect municipal councillors. In Antwerp, district councilors are also elected.
  • Provincial Council: we elect provincial councilors (in the Flemish Region, not in Brussels).

Sunday, June 9, 2024:

Are you 18 years old at that time? Then you must go and vote in the Flemish, Brussels, federal and European elections. In other words, you must vote.

Are you 16 or 17? Then you must go and vote in the European elections. Your vote can make a difference!

Sunday, October 13:

Are you at least 18 years old and living in Flanders? Then you are not obliged to vote. Just know that the stakes are high and that your vote makes a difference.

Do you live in the Brussels Capital Region? Then you are still obliged to vote in the municipal elections.

Are you an EU citizen and officially living in Belgium? Then you can participate in:

  • The European elections (June 9). You can only vote in 1 country: Belgium or your country of origin. Important: If you are not Belgian, you must register to be able to vote here, and this before March 31, 2024. You can do this online or via form C/1 which can be obtained from your town hall.
  • The municipal elections (October 13), if you are registered in the population register of your municipality no later than August 1.

Not an EU citizen?

Then you can only participate in the Municipal Elections on October 13, if you have lived in Belgium for at least 5 years. You will need to register before July 31, 2024. 

Yes, for the federal and European elections on June 9.

You must register as a voter - you can find out more here. For the federal elections, you must also be registered in the population registers of a Belgian embassy or consulate.

👉 You vote in your municipality of residence (where you are domiciled). Note: As a Belgian living abroad, there are several possibilities. More information can be found here.

👉 If you are Belgian or registered in time, you will receive your convocation letter two weeks before the elections. This letter will indicate the polling station where you must vote.

👉 On election day, you go to the appropriate polling station with your convocation letter and your ID card.

👉 How exactly voting takes place (with pencil and paper or voting computer) depends on where you live. You can check this map or table to find out. You can check the official explanatory videos in French, Dutch or German here.

How to vote with a voting computer

👉 On election day, you go to the polling station listed on your letter with your convocation letter and identity card.

👉 After registering, you get a chip card. Then you enter the polling booth, where you insert the chip card into the voting computer.

👉 You vote first for the European Parliament, then for the Federal Chamber, then (if applicable) for the Brussels Parliament and finally for the Flemish Parliament.

👉 You can vote for one list or for several candidates from the same list. On 9 June, Groen has list number 15.

👉 If you agree with the order of the candidates, you vote for the list by colouring the bullet at the top (= list vote). If you like to give certain candidates an extra push (= preferential vote), you can also colour the bullet next to their name. Please note that you cannot vote for candidates from different lists. However, you may vote for 4 different parties for the Flemish, Federal, Brussels (if applicable) and European elections.

👉 Each party also has a list of successors. When an elected MP does not take up his or her mandate, or later quits, a successor takes his or her place. You can also boost successors with a preferential vote.

👉 You can also vote blank if you like. Just be careful: by doing so, you just make the bigger parties bigger.

👉 Once you have confirmed your vote, the computer prints out a ballot paper. You fold that with the printed side facing inwards. Give your chip card to the polling station staff and scan your ballot paper and put it in the ballot box.

How to vote with pencil and paper

👉 On election day, you go to the polling station listed on your convocation letter and identity card.

👉 After registering, you will be given three voting forms: one for the European Parliament, one for the Federal Chamber and one for the Flemish Parliament (if you live in Flanders).

👉 You vote on 9 June first for the European Parliament, then for the Federal Chamber, then (if applicable) for the Brussels Parliament and finally for the Flemish Parliament. You can find more info about voting in Brussels here.

👉 You can vote for one list and/or for one or more candidates from the same list. On 9 June, Groen has list number 15.

👉 If you agree with the order of the candidates, you vote for the list by colouring the bullet at the top (= list vote). If you like to give certain candidates an extra push (= preferential vote), you can also colour the bullet next to their name. Attention: your vote will be invalid if you vote for candidates from different lists. However, you may vote for 4 different parties for the Flemish, Federal, Brussels (if applicable) and European elections.

👉 Each party also has a list of successors. When an elected MP does not take up his or her mandate, or later quits, a successor takes his or her place. You can also boost successors with a preferential vote.

👉 You can also vote blank if you wish. Just be careful: by doing so, you just make the bigger parties bigger.

👉 Do not colour outside the bullet and do not make any other markings on the ballot paper, otherwise your vote will unfortunately be invalid.

👉 When you are done, fold the ballot papers and put them in the ballot box.

If you cannot go to vote due to illness or vacation, for example, you can in some cases vote by proxy. That means another person will go to the polling station in your place.
More information can be found here (in French, German or Dutch).

You can vote for any candidate running for election in your province.

Find out more about our standpoints and candidates of Groen in your province.